General Rules About Style

  1. Manuscripts should be written in Times New Roman, 12 font size and single spaced on one side of A4 paper.
  2. Manuscript should be competent, profound and voluminous as required and allowed by the research. Not being strict, number of pages including all parts is limited to 25.
  3. All headings including introduction and conclusion should be numbers and typed bold. References should not be numbered.
  4. First degree headings should be written in “upper case” and others should be written in “title case”.
  5. Top, bottom, left and right margins should be 4 cm. in order to ease editing and reproduction.
  6. Authors, directly or indirectly, should not act so as to reveal their identity for an objective assessment process.
  7. A cover page that consists of title, author name, author title and affiliation, e-mail address, if available any acknowledgment and a footnote indicating if author share research data.
  8. Additionally our advice as Publication council is for authors to take a paper published in the previous issue as an example.


Page numbers: All pages should be numbered consecutively. Page numbers should be centered at the bottom of the page.

Numbers in the manuscript: Numbers from one to ten, except for ones in tables and lists or in indicating mathematical, statistical or technical units and amounts (distance, weight etc.) should be written in text. All other numbers should be written numerically.

Example: third day, 3 km., 30 years.

Percentages and fractions: If not mandatory “percentage” should be used in the manuscript instead of “%”.

Equations: Equations should be numbered in parenthesis and numbers should be right aligned and consecutive.

Key words: Below abstract 4 key words should be written, in the matching same language with the abstract, in order to help indexing.

Jel codes: Jel codes consistent with key words that are specified from should be indicated.


Abstract and Introduction

  1. If manuscript is in Turkish an abstract in English with a title in English or if manuscript is in English an abstract in Turkish with a title in Turkish should be included.
  2. Abstract and “özet” should take place on a previous separate page.
  3. Abstract should inform reader about title, method and findings of the paper.
  4. Key words and jel codes should follow abstract.
  5. If there is any acknowledgement, a footnote should be added with “§” symbol that will be place by “1. INTRODUCTION” and acknowledgements should be indicated in this footnote. Example: 1. INTRODUCTION§
  6. Introduction part should present general information introducing the study and general information about objective, methodology and findings of the study.
  7. Following parts should be structured and arrayed by the author in accordance with the flow of the subject.
  8. Conclusion part should consist of solid statements such as an evaluation of findings of the study, relationship with the literature or apparent statement of contribution to the literature, guidance for further studies. Conclusion part should not be considered as a section in which study is summarized or findings are restated.


Tables and Figures

Authors should remark those points:

  1. Each table and figure should be fitted on one page and should be placed below text. Each of them should include a number and a heading precisely indicating the content.
  2. Tables should be numbered consecutively and should be as in the following example; Times New Roman, 10 font size and above the table

Table-1: Inflation rates across years

  1. Figures, drawings and graphs should be numbered consecutively and should be as in the following example; Times New Roman, 10 font size and below figure, drawing or graph

Graph-1: Pie Chart for Observations within the Sample

  1. Tables and figures should be defining each variable. Heading and definitions should be detailed enough so that reader can understand table or figure without reading the text.
  2. Reference for each graph should be placed in the manuscript. Author should indicate for each graph which part of the text that they are related to.
  3. Content of graphs should be substantially understandable without reading the text.
  4. If a table, figure, graph etc. is cited, cited source should be referred within parenthesis.


Citations, References and Footnotes

  1. Citations, references and footnotes should be prepared according to APA Style Guide (6. Edition). You can visit further help.
  2. Some examples that are taken from APA Style Guide (6. Edition) for this heading are given below:


Standard form

1st Author, Initial Letter of Name of Author., 2nd Author, Initial Letter of Name of Author., & 3rd Author, Initial Letter of Name of Author. (year). Book Title (Number of the Edition if there is more than one edition, example: 3rd Edition). Place of Printing: Publisher


Armitage, A., Bryant, R., Dunnill, R., Hammersley, M., Hayes, D., Hudson, A., & Lawes, S. (2008). Teaching and training in post-compulsory education (3rd Edition). Maidenhead: Open University Press.

In-Text Citation examples

Creme and Lea (2003, p. 51) indicate that …

It has been suggested (Moore, Estrich, McGillis, & Spelman, 1984, pp. 142-143) that offenders …


Standard form

Last Name of Author, Initial Letter of Name of Author., (year). Title of Article . Journal NameVolume – Number if one volume (Number), beginning and ending page numbers.


Guo, Z., Liu, T., Fedoroff, N., Wei, L., Ding, Z., Wu, N., . . . An, Z. (1998). Climate extremes in Loess of China coupled with the strength of deep-water formation in the North Atlantic.Global and Planetary Change, 18(3-4), 113-128.

In-Text Citation examples

Guo et al. focused their research on climate extremes (1998, p. 120) …

Recent theories (Noguchi et al., 1993, p. 658) suggest that …

Popper and McCloskey (1993, pp. 75-76) state that …

Web pages

Standard form

Last Name of Author, Initial Letter of Name of Author. (year). Title. Cited web page.


If author is known,

Banks, I. (t.y.). The NHS Direct healthcare guide. Online

United Nations Environment Programme. (2004). Common questions about climate change: Introduction. Online

  • Each study should have reference list that includes only cited studies and authors should ensure that there is one to one correspondence between cited references in text and ones listed on references list (names and years should correspond).
  • Footnotes should not be used for citation. Solely information that would impair the integrity of text should be footnoted and should not be longer than text. Footnotes should be numbered consecutively and appropriately as superscript.Footnote text should be placed with single space below the page, Times New Roman and 10 font size.